开瓶与醒酒

In order for your Penfolds wines to deliver their true potential, it is important to follow a few simple measures. 

OPENING YOUR WINE

An advantage with screw-cap closures is that you don’t have the bother of using a corkscrew and the bottles are easy to re-seal. For bottles sealed under cork, there are many kinds of openers to choose from. However, a simple ‘waiters’ friend’ corkscrew will do the job most of the time on younger wines.

At the Penfolds Re-corking Clinics, we often use the long barrelled standard table model Screwpull® corkscrew. This has a Teflon-coated pliable screw and a rigid frame which guides the screw into the centre of the cork and pulls it out with relative ease.

For older wines sealed under cork, Penfolds advocates using the German Monopole® Ah-So two prong bottle opener. This unique device allows intact removal of old, crumbly, moist corks. It works by slipping the two prongs down either side of the cork rather than running a screw into the middle.

HOW TO DECANT

The primary purpose of decanting is to separate the wine from sediment that develops in the bottle over time as a wine matures. However, even very young wines without sediment benefit from decanting as the process allows oxygen to come into contact with the wine. This oxygen contact ‘opens’ the wine up allowing it to show at its best.

为了发掘您手中Penfolds葡萄酒的真正潜力,几种简单的措施十分重要。

开瓶

螺旋瓶盖的优势在于开瓶时无需使用开塞钻,重新封装酒瓶也较为容易。对于使用木塞的酒瓶,您可以选择多种开瓶方法。不过,一把简单的“侍者之友”(waiters’ friend)开瓶器就能打开多数新酿葡萄酒的酒瓶。

在Penfolds换塞诊所中,我们通常使用长管标准餐桌型Screwpull®螺旋形开瓶器。这种开瓶器拥有特氟纶涂层线式螺杆和坚硬框架,保证螺杆准确进入软木塞中心,轻松将其拔出。

对于年份较长的木塞酒瓶,Penfolds建议您使用德国Monopole® Ah-So双叉开瓶器。这种独特设备可完美移除陈旧、易碎而潮湿的瓶塞。这种开瓶器将两只叉子插入瓶塞两侧,而不是将一枚螺丝旋入瓶塞中央。

 

如何醒酒

醒酒的主要目的在于分离葡萄酒与葡萄酒陈化时在瓶中产生的沉淀。不过,即使是没有沉淀的新酿葡萄酒也能从醒酒中受益,因为氧气会在醒酒过程中与葡萄酒接触。这种与氧气的接触“打开了”葡萄酒,帮助葡萄酒展现最佳风味。

Penfolds建议您在享用所有Penfolds红葡萄酒之前都进行醒酒。Penfolds经常采用两次醒酒的方法,特别是在大型葡萄酒宴会上。许多葡萄酒收藏家都采用两次醒酒,以避免醒酒器的混淆,因为把酒重新装回原酒瓶后,用餐时十分容易辨认。

建议您在醒酒前将酒瓶放进醒酒篮,或竖直摆放数个小时。这样做有助于酒瓶中的杂质沉淀至瓶底。在照明充分的地方拧开瓶盖或拉出瓶塞,小心而稳定地将葡萄酒注入清洁的醒酒器或玻璃杯中。如果您愿意,也可使用漏斗。尽量减少瓶中酒的波动,以免搅动沉淀物。通过瓶颈与瓶肩观察葡萄酒,最好使用蜡烛或手电筒。一直倾倒,直至看到有沉淀物流出,此前葡萄酒均应十分清澈。待有沉淀物流出时应停止倒酒。

如需两次醒酒,只需使用瓶装水或过滤水(未经氯消毒)清洗酒瓶,然后处理掉所有沉淀物。将清洁过的酒瓶握住,瓶口朝下,直至瓶中的水完全滴尽。使用干净的漏斗,将酒小心地从醒酒器重新注回酒瓶。对葡萄酒进行两次透气也有助于“打开”葡萄酒,不过对于年份极长的葡萄酒,最好令葡萄酒小心而缓慢地沿醒酒器与酒瓶一侧倾倒,以减少泼溅与空气接触的可能性。

根据个人偏好,您也可以对白葡萄酒进行醒酒。Penfolds经常对雅塔娜和珍藏Bin霞多丽醒酒,因为我们认为透气对这些葡萄酒有好处。