CLIMATE Warm and dry.
LOCATION Northern Barossa, South Australia (locality: Moppa) – about four kilometres (three miles) north of Nuriootpa.
SOILS Deep alluvial sands to sandy loams and heavy, red-brown clays.
RAINFALL Average rainfall is 508 mm (20 in). About 200 mm (8 in) falls during the growing season.
IRRIGATION Supplementary irrigation is provided.
VITICULTURE The original Cabernet Sauvignon vines were planted in 1888. A succession of plantings and retrellising has followed since Penfolds acquired the vineyard in 1945. Some blocks are mechanically pruned and harvested. Many blocks – particularly Block 42 which comprises century-old bush vines – are hand-picked.
GRAPE VARIETIES Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Mataro (Mourvèdre) and Sangiovese.
FRUIT PROFILE This vineyard contributes fruit to Grange, Bin 707 Cabernet Sauvignon, RWT Shiraz, Bin 389 Cabernet Shiraz, Bin 407 Cabernet Sauvignon, Bin 28 Kalimna Shiraz and Cellar Reserve wines. Also Special Bins, in particular Block 42 Cabernet Sauvignon and Bin 60A Coonawarra Cabernet Sauvignon Barossa Shiraz.

The Kalimna Vineyard was established in the mid-1880s by George Swan Fowler and acquired by Penfolds in 1945. It bears undulating slopes and flats with elevations to 340 metres (1100 feet). The site comprises the historic 1880s Block 42, thought to be the oldest continually producing Cabernet Sauvignon vineyard in the world and home to the 2004 Block 42 Kalimna Cabernet Sauvignon wine used in the Limited Edition Ampoule. The Kalimna Vineyard also includes Block 3 Shiraz (1948), Block 4 Shiraz (1949), Block 14 Shiraz (1948), Block 41 Cabernet Sauvignon (1955), and Block 25 Mataro (1964).
Kalimna Vineyard

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